A. A Noun is the name of a person, place, or thing.
B. Nouns are divided into five different kinds :
– Proper Nouns
– Common Nouns
– Collective nouns
– Material Nouns
– Abstract Nouns
A Proper Noun is the name of a particular person, place, or thing.
eg : John ( person ) ; Palm Beach County ( place ) ; The Chinese ( people ); Books ( thing )
A Common Noun is a name that can be given to any person or thing of the same kind.
eg : Man, boy, table, dog
A Collective Noun is singular in form though denoting more than one.
eg : Herd, army, flock.
A Material Noun is the name of a substance
eg : Milk, iron, wood.
An Abstract noun is the name of a quality.
eg : Love, truth, color.
Number of Nouns :
1. Number shows whether one is meant, or more than one.
2. There are two Numbers :
The Singular Number
The Plural Number
– The Singular number denotes only one object.
– The Plural number denotes more than one object.
– The Plural is generally formed by adding s to the Singular :
pen = pens chair = chairs
book = books garden = gardens
– When the noun ends in s, x, ch, or sh, the Plural is formed by adding es to the Singular :
glass = glasses watch = watches
box = boxes dish = dishes
– If the noun ends in y, and the y has consonant going before it, the Plural is formed by changing y into ies :
duty = duties army = armies
fly = flies lady = ladies
– But if the y has vowel going before it, the Plural is formed by simply adding s :
day = days key = keys
boy = boys monkey = monkeys
– Most nouns ending in f or fe form the Plural by changing f or fe into ves
calf = calves life = lives
knife = knives wife = wives
leaf = leaves thief = thieves
– If the noun ends in o, and the o is preceded by a consonant, the Plural is generally ( not always ) formed by adding es to the Singular : —
cargo = cargoes negro = negroes
hero = heroes potato = potatoes
– But if the o is preceded by a vowel, the Plural is formed by simply adding s to the singular : —
bamboo = bamboos curio = curios
cuckoo = cuckoos studio = studios
– Some nouns from their Plurals irregularly :
man = men tooth = teeth
woman= women mouse = mice
foot = feet ox = oxen
goose = geese child = children
– Some Nouns have the same from in the Plural as in the Singular : –
deer = deer fish = fish ( fishes )
sheep = sheep dozen= dozen ( dozens )